The book of Exodus is simply the story of two men and their “God.” The belief in their God dictates the choices they make and ultimately the destiny of two nations. It is interesting to note that one man was one of the most powerful men in the world and the other, someone who comes out of obscurity.
The thing that defies understanding in reading Exodus is the response of the people to God’s direction and provision. That is until we look a little deeper and find that we have the same kind of response that they had. The only difference between them and us is time and location. As people, we see how similar we are to them in our decision making and thinking processes. We have the opportunity to learn from their lives and make better decisions with our lives.
The book of Exodus also records the birth of the nation of Israel, and the Passover is instituted. Central to the book of Exodus is the concept of redemption and along with that comes the idea of obedience to God. The concept of redemption foreshadows what will be accomplished on the cross in the New Testament. There is a looking toward the promise of a savior who will make this redemption complete.
I pray that as you continue to read, the nature and grace that God reveals thru His word becomes evident to you as your understanding grows.
Now may God richly bless your reading the book of Exodus as it opens up to you.
Exodus Chapter 1
Now, these are the names of the sons of Israel, who came into Egypt (every man and his household came with Jacob), Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. All those who were descendants of Jacob were seventy persons (for Joseph was in Egypt already). And Joseph died, and all his brothers, and all that generation. But the children of Israel were fruitful and increased abundantly, multiplied and grew exceedingly mighty and the land was filled with them.
Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph. And he said to his people, "Look, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we are. Come, let us deal shrewdly with them, lest they multiply, and it happens, in the event of war, that they also join our enemies and fight against us, and so go up out of the land."
Therefore, they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh supply cities, Pithom and Raamses. But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were in dread of the children of Israel. So, the Egyptians made the children of Israel serve with rigor. And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar, in brick, and in all manner of service in the field. All their service in which they made them serve was with cruelty and rigor.
Then the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of one was Shiphrah and the name of the other Puah. And he said, "When you do the duties of a midwife for the Hebrew women and see them on the birthstools, if it is a son, then you shall kill him, but if it is a daughter, then she shall live." But the midwives feared Eloheim the Creator and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded them but saved the male children alive. So, the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, "Why have you done this thing, and saved the male children alive?" And the midwives said to Pharaoh, "Because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women, for they are vigorous and give birth before the midwife comes to them.
"Therefore, Eloheim the Creator dealt well with the midwives, and the people multiplied and grew very mighty. And so it was because the midwives feared Eloheim the Creator that He provided households for them. So, Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, "Every son who is born you shall throw into the river, and every daughter you shall save alive."